# Learn to solve a system of equations using substitution

TLDRThis instructional video teaches viewers how to solve a system of linear equations using the substitution method. The presenter highlights the best scenarios for using substitution, particularly when a variable has a coefficient of one or negative one, simplifying the process. The video demonstrates solving for one variable and then substituting the expression back into the other equation to find the solution. It concludes with finding the values of both variables and determining the system as consistent and independent, with the solution graphically represented as a single intersection point.

### Takeaways

- π The method discussed is the substitution method for solving a system of equations.
- π It's preferable to use substitution when a variable has a coefficient of one or negative one, making it easier to isolate.
- π The script explains that when a variable is already solved or has a coefficient of one, it's beneficial to use substitution.
- π§ The process involves isolating a variable and then substituting its expression into the other equation.
- π’ The example provided involves solving for 'y' first, which is given as y = -2x + 4, due to its coefficient of one.
- β After isolating 'y', it's substituted into the other equation, resulting in a single-variable equation in terms of 'x'.
- π The script demonstrates the process of combining like terms and solving for 'x', which in the example results in x = -1.
- π Once 'x' is found, it's substituted back into the isolated 'y' equation to find the value of 'y', which is y = 2 in the example.
- π The solution is a consistent and independent one, as it represents the single intersection point of the two equations on a graph.
- π The process is explained step by step, emphasizing the algebraic manipulation required to solve for the variables.
- π The importance of understanding the algebraic concepts behind the substitution method is highlighted, including the handling of coefficients and variable isolation.

### Q & A

### What is the substitution method for solving a system of equations?

-The substitution method is an algebraic technique used to solve a system of linear equations by isolating one variable in one of the equations and then substituting that expression into the other equation to solve for the remaining variable.

### Why is the substitution method preferred when a variable has a coefficient of one or negative one?

-The substitution method is preferred in such cases because it simplifies the process, as there is no need to undo multiplication or division; only addition or subtraction is required to isolate the variable.

### What does it mean for a system of equations to be consistent or inconsistent?

-A system of equations is consistent if it has at least one solution where the equations intersect, meaning there is at least one point that satisfies both equations. It is inconsistent if there is no point that satisfies both equations, indicating no intersection.

### What is the significance of dependent and independent solutions in the context of systems of equations?

-Dependent solutions occur when the equations are essentially the same line (in the case of linear systems), meaning there are infinitely many solutions. Independent solutions occur when the system has exactly one solution, indicating the lines intersect at a single point.

### How do you isolate a variable using the substitution method?

-To isolate a variable, you manipulate one of the equations so that one variable is expressed in terms of the other. For example, if y = 1x + 4, you would isolate y by moving the terms involving x to the other side of the equation.

### What is the first step in the substitution method after isolating a variable?

-The first step after isolating a variable is to substitute the isolated expression for the variable into the other equation in the system, replacing the original variable with this new expression.

### How does the substitution method help in creating an equation with only one variable?

-By substituting the expression for one variable into the other equation, you effectively eliminate that variable from the equation, leaving you with an equation that contains only one variable, which can then be solved more straightforwardly.

### What is the distributive property, and how is it applied in the substitution method?

-The distributive property states that a(b + c) = ab + ac. In the substitution method, it is used to multiply the term outside the parentheses by each term inside the parentheses when substituting an expression into an equation.

### How do you find the value of the second variable once you have the value of the first variable in the substitution method?

-Once you have found the value of the first variable (e.g., x), you substitute this value back into the isolated expression for the second variable (e.g., y = -2x + 4) to find its value.

### What does the final solution of a system of equations represent graphically?

-Graphically, the final solution of a system of equations represents the point of intersection of the two lines if the system is consistent. This point is the solution to both equations simultaneously.

### Outlines

### π Algebraic Method - Substitution Technique

The speaker introduces the substitution method for solving a system of equations, emphasizing its utility when one variable has a coefficient of one or negative one. They illustrate the process by isolating 'y' in one equation and substituting its expression into the other equation. The speaker simplifies the new equation to solve for 'x' and then uses the value of 'x' to find 'y'. The explanation highlights the ease of solving when dealing with a variable that requires only addition or subtraction, rather than dealing with multiplication or division.

### π Consistent and Independent System Solution

This paragraph confirms the solution obtained in the previous step as a consistent and independent solution. The speaker explains that the system is consistent because there is only one point of intersection, which is at the coordinate (1,2). This indicates that the equations are dependent and have a unique solution, which is a characteristic of a consistent and independent system of equations.

### Mindmap

### Keywords

### π‘Substitution

### π‘System of Equations

### π‘Coefficient

### π‘Consistent Solutions

### π‘Inconsistent Solutions

### π‘Dependent and Independent

### π‘Isolation of Variables

### π‘Distributive Property

### π‘Graphical Representation

### π‘Intersection

### Highlights

Introduction to solving a system of equations using the substitution method.

Comparison between substitution and graphing methods for solving systems of equations.

Explanation of the terms 'consistent', 'inconsistent', 'dependent', and 'independent' solutions.

Best time to use substitution: when a variable has a coefficient of one or negative one.

Mental process for choosing which variable to solve for in the substitution method.

Demonstration of solving for a variable with a coefficient of one to simplify the process.

Rewriting the system of equations with one variable isolated for substitution.

Importance of isolating a variable for substitution to avoid complex operations.

Substitution of the isolated variable expression into the other equation.

Explanation of the concept of substitution in the context of functions and equations.

Process of substituting an expression for a variable in an equation.

Solving the resulting single-variable equation using algebraic methods.

Application of the distributive property to simplify the equation after substitution.

Finding the value of x after simplifying the equation.

Using the value of x to find the corresponding value of y.

Interpretation of the graphical representation of the solution as an intersection point.

Identification of the solution as a consistent independent system based on the intersection point.

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