# AI Can Do Maths Now, and it's Wild

TLDRThe video discusses the capabilities of AlphaGeometry, an AI developed by DeepMind that can solve Olympiad-level geometry problems, surpassing the average human. While acknowledging its impressive problem-solving skills, the speaker questions whether this represents a leap in reasoning towards artificial general intelligence. They delve into the proof process of AlphaGeometry, critiquing its lack of elegance and the absence of a clear 'aha' moment. The speaker also contemplates the broader implications of AI in mathematics, expressing concerns about the potential loss of creativity and beauty in mathematical proofs, and the cultural impact this might have.

### Takeaways

- 🤖 Alpha Geometry is an AI created by DeepMind that can solve Olympiad-level geometry problems, outperforming the average human participant.
- 🧠 The AI operates with two systems: a language model for suggesting ideas and a symbolic deduction engine for making geometrical deductions.
- 📚 The script discusses whether Alpha Geometry's problem-solving abilities represent a leap forward in AI reasoning and its potential impact on mathematics.
- 🔍 The video provides a detailed walkthrough of one of the Olympiad problems solved by Alpha Geometry, highlighting its step-by-step approach.
- 📉 While Alpha Geometry can solve complex problems, the script questions if its solutions are a genuine step forward in reasoning, as they can be meandering and lack a clear direction.
- 🎯 The AI's solutions are compared to human problem-solving, suggesting that while the methods may be different, the underlying process of trial and error is similar.
- 🤝 The video script likens Alpha Geometry's dual system to the human brain, with one part generating ideas and the other analyzing facts.
- 🚀 The script contemplates the broader implications of AI in mathematics, suggesting that while Alpha Geometry is impressive, it may not yet be ready for more complex or creative mathematical challenges.
- 🎨 The author expresses concern that AI-generated proofs might lack the beauty and creativity found in human-generated proofs, which are highly valued in mathematics.
- 🌐 The video concludes with a reflection on the future of AI in mathematics, questioning whether AI can capture the cultural and aesthetic significance of mathematical problem-solving.

### Q & A

### What was the significance of Deep Blue's victory in 1997?

-Deep Blue's victory in 1997 was significant because it was the first time a computer defeated the highest-rated player at chess, showcasing the advancement in AI capabilities.

### What AI system was developed by DeepMind to solve Olympiad level geometry problems?

-DeepMind developed an AI system called AlphaGeometry, which is capable of solving Olympiad level geometry problems and outperforming the average human participant.

### How does AlphaGeometry's problem-solving process work?

-AlphaGeometry consists of two systems: a language model that suggests ideas, and a symbolic deduction engine that applies geometrical theorems. These two systems work together to solve problems.

### What is the International Mathematical Olympiad and why is it significant?

-The International Mathematical Olympiad is one of the world's most challenging mathematics competitions for high school students. It is significant because it tests students' deep understanding and problem-solving skills in mathematics.

### What is a circumcircle and how is it related to triangle ABC?

-A circumcircle is a unique circle that passes through all the vertices of a triangle ABC. The center of this circle is known as the circumcenter, which is the intersection point of the perpendicular bisectors of the triangle's sides.

### What is an altitude in a triangle and how many does a triangle have?

-An altitude in a triangle is a line segment from a vertex to the opposite side (or its extension) that is perpendicular to that side. Every triangle has three altitudes.

### What is the orthocenter of a triangle and how is it determined?

-The orthocenter of a triangle is the point where all three altitudes of the triangle intersect. It is determined by drawing altitudes from each vertex to the opposite side.

### What is a cyclic quadrilateral and how does it relate to the Olympiad problem discussed in the script?

-A cyclic quadrilateral is a four-sided figure where all vertices lie on a single circle. In the Olympiad problem discussed, proving that certain points lie on a circle involves showing that they form a cyclic quadrilateral.

### How does AlphaGeometry's approach to solving the Olympiad problem differ from traditional human problem-solving methods?

-AlphaGeometry's approach is more haphazard and involves a lot of trial and error, similar to how humans might initially tackle a problem. However, it lacks the general direction and intent that human problem solvers often apply.

### What is the intersecting secant theorem and how was it used in the human-written proof of the Olympiad problem?

-The intersecting secant theorem states that if two non-parallel secant lines meet at a point and intersect a circle at other points, the products of the segments from the points of intersection to the circle are equal. In the human-written proof, this theorem was used to show that certain points are cyclic.

### What are the potential implications of AI-generated proofs for the future of mathematics?

-AI-generated proofs could lead to faster solutions for complex problems, but there are concerns that they might not develop interesting spin-off theories or capture the beauty and creativity inherent in human-generated proofs. This could impact the cultural significance of mathematical achievements.

### Outlines

### 🤖 Introduction to Alpha Geometry AI

The video introduces Alpha Geometry, an AI developed by Deep Mind that can solve Olympiad level geometry problems, outperforming the average human participant. The script discusses the significance of this AI in the context of AI reasoning and the potential step towards artificial general intelligence. The host promises to delve into how Alpha Geometry works and to critique whether its problem-solving abilities truly represent a leap in AI reasoning and its impact on mathematics.

### 📚 Alpha Geometry's Problem-Solving Process

This paragraph explains the two-system approach of Alpha Geometry, which consists of a language model for suggesting ideas and a symbolic deduction engine for making logical conclusions. The AI's method is demonstrated through a complex Olympiad problem from the 2008 paper, which involves geometric properties like circumcircles, orthocenters, and cyclic quadrilaterals. The explanation includes a step-by-step account of how Alpha Geometry arrives at its solution, emphasizing the iterative nature of its problem-solving process.

### 🔍 Analysis of Alpha Geometry's Solution

The script provides a detailed analysis of Alpha Geometry's solution to the Olympiad problem, highlighting the AI's methodical approach to proving that certain points lie on a circle. It notes that while Alpha Geometry's proof is successful, it is also meandering and lacks the elegance and insight typically associated with a good mathematical proof. The host expresses a desire for future versions of Alpha Geometry to refine its solutions into a more coherent and enlightening format.

### 🕵️♂️ The Broader Implications of AI in Mathematics

The discussion moves beyond the specifics of Alpha Geometry's problem-solving to consider the broader implications of AI in mathematics. The host, identifying as a mathematician, shares personal opinions on the potential of AI to revolutionize mathematics. They acknowledge the impressive nature of Alpha Geometry's achievements but also express skepticism about the generalizability of these results to other fields and the potential loss of the creative and aesthetic aspects of mathematical problem-solving.

### 🎨 The Value of Beauty in Mathematical Proofs

This paragraph delves into the cultural and aesthetic value of mathematical proofs. The host argues that while AI like Alpha Geometry may be able to solve mathematical problems, it may not be able to capture the beauty and elegance that human mathematicians can bring to their work. They express concern that the use of AI in mathematics could lead to a loss of cultural impact and the inspiration that comes from the creative process of problem-solving.

### 🚀 The Future of AI in Solving Mathematical Problems

The final paragraph contemplates the future role of AI in mathematics, particularly in tackling unsolved problems. The host suggests that while AI could be a useful tool for solving problems with immediate practical value, it might not contribute to the development of new theories or the aesthetic beauty of mathematics. They also raise the question of whether AI-generated proofs would be as inspiring and culturally significant as human-generated ones.

### 🙌 Conclusion and Call for Discussion

The video concludes with a summary of the host's views on Alpha Geometry and AI's role in mathematics. They acknowledge the fascinating nature of Alpha Geometry's approach to problem-solving but also express reservations about the cultural and aesthetic implications of AI in mathematics. The host invites viewers to share their thoughts in the comments and thanks patrons for their support, emphasizing the importance of respectful discussion.

### Mindmap

### Keywords

### 💡AI

### 💡Deep Blue

### 💡Jeopardy

### 💡AlphaGo

### 💡Alpha Geometry

### 💡Olympiad level geometry problems

### 💡Circumcircle

### 💡Orthocenter

### 💡Cyclic quadrilateral

### 💡Proof

### 💡Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)

### Highlights

AI named Alpha Geometry developed by Deep Mind can solve Olympiad level geometry problems, surpassing average human performance.

Alpha Geometry is composed of two systems: a language model for suggesting ideas and a symbolic deduction engine for making geometrical deductions.

The AI's problem-solving approach is likened to the human brain, with the right brain generating ideas and the left brain analyzing facts.

Alpha Geometry solved a problem from the 2008 International Mathematical Olympiad in 40 steps, close to its average of 55 steps.

The AI's solution to the Olympiad problem involved proving that certain points lie on a circle using geometrical theorems and logical deductions.

Commentators have noted that Alpha Geometry's solutions are meandering and lack a clear direction, similar to human problem-solving attempts.

The paper on Alpha Geometry simplifies the original Olympiad problem, which may not fully capture the complexity of the challenge.

Alpha Geometry's proof is not immediately generalizable to other fields of study, unlike its predecessors in game-playing AI.

The AI's achievements in geometry are seen as a small step beyond game-playing AI, rather than a radical leap forward.

AI's growing ability to reason logically and verify solutions could have broader applications beyond geometry.

There is a concern that AI-generated proofs might lack the creativity and beauty associated with human mathematical proofs.

AI assistance in mathematics could be useful for practical problem-solving but may not develop new theoretical insights.

The cultural and aesthetic value of mathematical proofs is important, and AI may not yet be capable of capturing this aspect of mathematics.

The paper suggests that Alpha Geometry might discover geometry results overlooked by humans due to its lack of bias towards symmetry or aesthetics.

The author expresses a preference for human-created proofs that are not only correct but also provide an intuitive understanding of why the result is true.

The video discusses the potential impact of AI on the future of mathematics, including the possibility of AI solving unsolved problems.

The author concludes that while AI like Alpha Geometry is impressive, it is not yet capable of solving mathematical problems beautifully or creatively.

## Casual Browsing

AI can do your homework. Now what?

2024-06-12 09:10:00

AI Explained: It's maths, not magic (a simple guide)

2024-05-18 17:15:02

How I dropped A SINGLE MARK over the 6 exams of A-Level Maths (And how you can do the same)

2024-06-12 19:45:01

Can a chat AI do MATH?

2024-06-12 06:35:00

Derivative notation and limits [IB Maths AI SL/HL]

2024-06-12 17:45:00

ChatGPT can't multiply, but can AI do math?

2024-05-18 19:50:01